形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法
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形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法

形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法
形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法
同源形容词的区别
historic与historical
historic: famous in history, 历史上著名的 historical: belong to history 历史上的

electric与electrical
electric: worked by, changed with, producing electricity 用电的,带电的, 有电的
electrical: relating to electricity, an idea of a less close connection with electricity

economic与economical
economic: of economics 
economical: careful in the spending of money and time, not waste 经济的,节俭的

industrial与industrious
industrial: of industries 工业的 industrious: hard-working, diligent

considerable与considerate
considerable: great much 相当多(大)的 
considerate: thoughtful 体谅的, 体贴的 周到的
形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法

sensible与sensitive
sensible: reasonable, having good sense 实用的, 明知的
sensitive: quick to receive impression 敏感的

continual与continuous
continual: going on all the time without stopping or with only short breaks, stop and go repeatedly, 连续的,断断续续的
continuous: going on without a break, an uninterrupted flow 连续不断的

intense与intensive
intense: high in degree 强烈的, 剧烈的,高度的
intensive: deep and thorough 精深的, 集中的

respectable、respective与respectful
respectable: deserving respect, 值得尊敬的,有名望的
respectful: showing respect 尊敬人的,有礼貌的,
respective: belongs to each of these 分别的,各自的

imaginable、imaginary与imaginative
imaginable:: that can be imagined 可象想的
imaginary: existing only in the mind, unreal 想象中的, 不真实的
imaginative: of, having, using imagination 有想象力的, 运用想象力的

intelligent、intelligible与intellectual
intelligent: having, showing intelligence, clever 有才智的, 聪明的
intelligible: clear to mind, that can be easily understood. 易了解的, 易领悟的
intellectual: possessing a great deal of knowledge 知识的, 智力的

contemptible与contemptuous
contemptible: deserving contempt 可卑的 contemptuous: showing contempt 表示轻视的

credible、credulous与creditable
credible: that can be believed 可信的, 可靠的
credulous: too ready to believe things. 轻易相信的, 易上当的
creditable: that brings credit. 可称赞的

alternate与alternative
alternate: changing by turns 轮流的, 交替的
alternative: giving a choice between two things 选择的, 两者选一的

comparable与comparative
comparable 可比较的, 有类似之处的 comparative 比较而言的, 相当的

形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法
表语形容词的用法
一,放在系动词之后,说明主语发生的动作或持续的状态。
   All music is alike to me . 
二,放在名词或代词后作后置定语,相当于一个定语从句。 
   Those alive must finish the work of the dead{alive=who are alive}
三,在句中作宾补或主补。At last ,he was caught alive.
四,可以与介词,不定式搭配,还可以接从句。He is always ahead of us.
五,在句中可以充当状语,尤其是形容词短语。
   Afraid of failing in the exam,he pretended to be ill.
六,在有副词修饰的情况下,这类形容词也可以做前置定语,表示抽象意义。
   a wide awake patient
七,按英语习惯,这类形容词一般不用very 修饰,而用 very much 或 much 修饰,如alike , aware,asleep, alone, afraid.
Although old ,he is still very much alive.
{afraid,alike,ashamed,aware有时可用very. 修饰}
八,注意下面几中习惯用法
1、asleep习惯用fast,sound deep修饰 The little baby is sound/deep asleep.
2、awake 习惯用 wide 修饰 ,alone习惯用 all,quite 修饰.
  In a new place ,I'm all/quite alone without any friends.
3、ill 习惯用 very ,seriously 修饰.He is often seriously ill.

形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法
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形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法
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形容词,同源形容词的区别,表语形容词的用法